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I have looked around on the site for answers to my questions, but as of now I am still in the dark about somethings. So please excuse my ignorance while I ask these general questions. (I feel there should be a sticky on this somewhere but cant find it)
1. I see a lot of people start out with a planted tank with no water and then fill it later. Why?
2. What would be the best method/walkthough to setup a planted tank?
3. Do all planted tanks need a method of infusing CO2? If so why?
4. what is the best color temp for the lights being used. (I see some with 65k and others with 10k) I use 3200 and 4100 with my indoor gardening, can I just use them?
Thats it for now. Can someone please help me on these general questions so I can make sure I dont crash my first planted tank.
 

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I think the reason you're having problems finding the spicific answers to your questions is that there are multiple answers to each question. I'm new to this also and certainly dont have all the answers, but maby I can point you in the right direction as to places to look.
1. I've read that some people plant the tank dry and then add water later because it gives the plants as much light as possible, without the water to dillute it, allowing them to grow and spread faster.
2. There are stickys on this question. Also try looking at some "set up" videos on YouTube. There is a good one on there showing Amano setting up a tank.
3. As I understand it, Low-Tech tanks do not need CO2 but High-Tech tanks do. So, I guess you have to decide what kind of tank/plants you want before deciding on a CO2 source.
4. I still have'nt quite figured out the whole color temp thing, but I would suggest reading the posts under the "Lighting" section of this forum. There is ALOT of info there. I just bought a 4 bulb T5 light fixture, with 2 6500k, 1 10000k and 1 plant gro. They are all 54w. That much light puts me in the High-Tech catagory, so I also got a pressurized CO2 regulator.
Sorry, I know that probably did'nt help that much, but hopfully it gave you some ideas of what to look up.
 

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The following is a bit "choppy", but it answers most of your questions. I hope that it helps.

1 - Usually there is a little bit of water in the aquarium for planting. It is easier this way. You start at the front with short plants and work your way to the back with taller plants. The plants should be misted from time to time to keep them from drying up. When fully planted, water is gently added and any changes that need to be made are done. There is also another reason to start out with an aquarium with very little water. Plants like HC, hairgrass, some crypts and others get a chance to start growing before they are submerged. This is referred to as the "dry start" method.
- http://www.plantedtank.net/forums/g...ion/52332-new-method-start-up-algae-free.html

2 - George Farmer has some tips:
- http://www.aquascapingworld.com/magazine/August-2008/August-2008/Aquascaping-with-George-Farmer.html
- http://www.miroguide.com/items/1210841
- http://www.plantedtank.net/forums/tank-journals-photo-album/68054-little-mountain.html

- ADA has a "How to Layout Making Manual".
- http://www.adana.com.my/articles/howto-manual.htm

3 - Carbon and oxygen make up a large portion of plants tissues. CO2 plus water equals glucose and O2 during photosynthesis.
- Seachem has a very good article describing the above. It is called: Carbon in the Planted Aquarium"
- http://www.seachem.com/Library/Articles.html#Carbon

4 - Generally plant bulbs have a Kelvin temperature rating from 5000K and 10,000K. Plant bulbs need mainly blue and red phosphors for photosynthesis and green to reflect that color back making the aquarium look good. There are also various axillary pigments used in photosynthesis too. Photosynthesis is rather complex. The following article explains much of this process.
http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookPS.html
 

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Welcome to TPT! I can help with a few of the questions, but Guns286 did a good job!
1. Guns286 is exactly right. The reason people grow some plant emersed in the begining is so that the plants can "get a foothold" before algae can set in.
2. It all depends on what type of tank and plants you want to keep.
3.Nope! If you have high lighting (EX. 24watt T5 over a 10g) you need a source of Co2.
4. I am not sure about that one, so I will let the experts tell you that one!
May I suggest you read, and I mean read ALOT, on planted tanks if you have not done so already. Good luck, and sorry I did a spotty job answering your questions!
 

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1-3 have pretty well been covered.

4 - Basically all of the different bulbs will grow plants. I think the best recomendation is to use bulbs that give you a full spectrum of light, basically all but actinics will be close to doing this, and that you think give you the most aesthetically pleasing appearance.
 
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