What do you guys use in you filters? Canister/HOB/Etc... - The Planted Tank Forum
 
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post #1 of 10 (permalink) Old 10-29-2007, 09:52 PM Thread Starter
 
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What do you guys use in you filters? Canister/HOB/Etc...

I posted this in the low tech setup page before I realized I would probably receive more responses here. I am new here and I have been reading the posts and learning a lot. I am looking to do a low tech tank without CO2 and with low wattage lighting.

Anyways, I have learned a lot about what it takes to set up one of these tanks except how you guys deal with filtration. My main question is what do you run in you filters? Carbon? Sponges?

What is the basic filtration principle? Are we removing waste chemically or are we just using it for extra biological filtration?

Explanations of what people are using in their filters would be great. Thanks!
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post #2 of 10 (permalink) Old 10-29-2007, 10:47 PM
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Generally speaking, people don't use carbon in their filters for planted tanks. You are not removing the waste chemically, nor should you. Have you kept a non-planted tank before? Fish principally produce waste ammonia, which then gets broken down into nitrite by bacteria, which then gets broken down into nitrate by other bacteria. The nitrate stays around in non planted tanks, and should really be taken care of with water changes. In planted tanks, nitrate is plant food, and is usually a good thing. In fact, in heavily planted, high light tanks, nitrate needs to be added, or else it will limit growth in the plants.

So, in short, in a planted tank, you want mechanical filtration and mainly biological filtration. Some people occasionally add carbon or purigen to clear up the water.

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post #3 of 10 (permalink) Old 10-30-2007, 12:02 AM Thread Starter
 
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Thanks for the reply.

Yes, I have had non-planted aquariums before. In those tanks I remember running carbon as well as sponges for added biological filtration.

When I mentioned chemical filtration I guess I mis-spoke as I was referring to carbon/purigen ect...

My basic concept for my tank will be:
  • No Co2. I am on a budget and really just don't want to deal with it
  • Low wattage lighting. I would like less maintenence so I don't mind if the plants grow slowly
  • Also a hang on back filter. But this is where I was stuck with the filtration.
  • Also no ferts. Maybe after I learn more I will attempt to fert but I will let the fish do that for a while.
Hopefully this will help answer my question about filtration better.


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post #4 of 10 (permalink) Old 10-30-2007, 02:03 PM
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I just run ceramic media, a sponge, and some filter floss in my canister.
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post #5 of 10 (permalink) Old 10-30-2007, 02:14 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by evercl92 View Post
I just run ceramic media, a sponge, and some filter floss in my canister.
This works well for me with my low-tech.

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post #6 of 10 (permalink) Old 10-30-2007, 02:55 PM
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For me, I run sponges, filter floss and recently started using Purigen to clear my tannins.
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post #7 of 10 (permalink) Old 10-30-2007, 04:57 PM
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You probably won't need much in terms of ferts if you're going low tech. Maybe some trace when you remember it.

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post #8 of 10 (permalink) Old 11-03-2007, 07:07 AM
 
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I have the Emperor 400 HOB filter and I run only filter floss in it. Ocassionally if the water gets a slight odor I'll replace one of the canisters of filter floss with some carbon for about 3-4 days (until the odor leaves) and then go back to filter floss. It's a 55g with 2wpg from ah supply, no water changes and a 1/2 dose of flouish every 2 weeks. Working great so far.
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post #9 of 10 (permalink) Old 11-03-2007, 01:37 PM
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Jolio99 View Post
My main question is what do you run in you filters? Carbon? Sponges?
This is my media set up from below to top:
1. sponge filter
2. filter floss
3. bio-rio
4. bamboo charcoal
5. ceramics, tourmaline F
Maintenance every 3-4 months.
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post #10 of 10 (permalink) Old 11-04-2007, 08:12 PM
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ceramic media -> coarse filter sponge->x2spherical ceramic media-> 2xfine filter sponge->Seachem Purigen


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Last edited by styxx; 11-04-2007 at 08:12 PM. Reason: Bad memory
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