Join Date: Jan 2004
Location: Formerly Central Coast CA, Now in Bridgeport TX
You need to identify the stressors and eliminate them. This can be many things from you yourself, addition to the environment, new fish, water parameter fluxuations, tankmates, etc. Fish have a very sensitive way to react to stress, first reaction is to escape it. When that doesnt work, they try and adapt. However adaptive stategy in fish is somewhat unrefined as it usually overcorrects and then settles down to a new set of balance. When this happens many hormones are being released into the fishes body, like adrenalin. Each hormone takes its toll on the fishes overall well being during a time of stress. Eventually if not rectified, the stress will lead to a fatal exhaustion as all of the animals energy is being devoted to escaping stressors. as far as calming fish down, a pinch of sea salt usually helps. (Keeping a reef tank has taught me that it takes a lot of salt really have effect on salininty level...mixing your own water is an eye opener.) Its what I always use anytime im adding a stressor, however, the only true cure is prevention, or removal of the stressor.
Planted tanks are all about shrimp.