New to planting and aquariums - The Planted Tank Forum
 
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post #1 of 5 (permalink) Old 08-24-2010, 10:30 PM Thread Starter
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New to planting and aquariums

Hey guys, just recently decided to fill my room up with a tank and built myself a little custom size tank which fits perfectly into the table. It holds a total of 5 gallons of water. I just got the Fluval 205 canister filter, a 50w heater and to plant i got Activ Flora substrate.

After looking at the ADA Layout Manual i am puzzled, if the substrate goes all the way on the bottom, what are the two layers on top? ("Normal type" and "Powder Type") where can i get them? And what else do i need to start the planting?

Any help is appreciated, im trying to be a good boy and do my research but words of experience mean more. THANKs in advance.

PS. I attached an older picture of the tank, i no longer have the stuff inside, i just bought two plants and have 2 rocks and 1 shell.


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post #2 of 5 (permalink) Old 08-25-2010, 12:19 AM
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First welcome to TPT!

The substrate that ADA is referring to is probably their Aqua Soil Substrate. With these, there are two different types. Normal type AS has larger granules then the Powder type AS. I think the majority of people use Normal type only. But I have been told that it is optimal to have a powder layer topped with a layer of normal, or was it the other way around. lol I can't really remember.

With using AS, you get a lot of beneficial nutrients, but you still need to give the plant Macro and Micro fertilizers if it is a high demand plant. Low demand plants, don't really need this. You have an assortment to choose from in the "Low tech" category. Any high demand plants will need good lighting, co2, and fertilizers. So, if I were you, I would start out with some easy to care for plants. Learn as you go, and when you have become good at low tech plants, move up and learn more.


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post #3 of 5 (permalink) Old 08-25-2010, 12:54 AM Thread Starter
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Question

Thanks for the reply. Yes although this tank is small, and "low tech" i have another tank (20G) ready to be set up, so this small one for me is more experimental than anything else. With this in mind, i am looking for a more specific answer; for example you mentioned Macro and Micro fertilizers, can you point me to specific ones? (Im sure with your experience you have your favorites.) In addition, i would also like the same for the other components that you mentioned i.e. Lighting, Co2 and fertilizers, and what are some "easy to care for" plants.

Thanks.
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post #4 of 5 (permalink) Old 08-25-2010, 01:41 AM
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There is a whole bunch of threads on here if you search in regards to fertilizers. Personally, because I am a shrimp keeper, I don't do any fertilizer dosing like some do known as EI dosing. (Estimative Index) It is too complicated for me , so I go with RootMedic Liquid Fertilizers where all I have to do is pump in my fertilizers instead of precisely measuring them. RM is a sponsor of our beloved site. There are tons of people that have a better understanding of all the fertilizing over me. I just don't really do it, so using RM's Macro and Micro liquid nutrients was my way to go.

https://www.plantedtank.net/forums/fe...-regimes_.html
There's a few more, and I am sure someone will post some links for you.

And honestly, lighting really can't be told until you make the choice of what type of flora you will be using and what not. For me, outside of my HC and UG, I keep all my plants easier to care for, because like I said, I don't really do the whole fertilizer thing, and I would just end up with melted plants if I went for something more high demand. Outside of those two carpeting plants, all I have is fissidens fontanus, flame moss, xmas moss, peacock moss, mini pellia, petite anubias, trident & narrowleaf java fern and subwassertang. For me, these plants are all low demand in my experience. Generally speaking, most stem plants are high demand, however, there are some like wisteria that isn't so demanding.

There's a ton more, and too much to list. Your best bet is to search through all of the forum categories. Most of your questions can be answered.


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post #5 of 5 (permalink) Old 08-26-2010, 02:38 PM Thread Starter
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Thanks for your advice msnikkistar.

So I've decided to go with the following plants and fish. Tell me if you see anything wrong with the setup.

Plants:
Glosso (carpet)
HC (carpet)

Bacopa Australis
Ceratophyllum Demersum
Myriophyllum Mattogrossense

Fish:
Neon Tetra
Albano Shrimp
Gold Chinese Algae Eater
Fidler Crab
Gold Dojo Loach

Are all these fish okay with each other?
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