Pico Plant List - The Planted Tank Forum
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post #1 of 19 (permalink) Old 06-18-2006, 09:55 PM Thread Starter
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Pico Plant List

Inspired by alphacat's Fish list, I thought it might be fun to compile another list of plants... since this is THE planted tank forum (at least for me!). As a newb here, and especially new to the nano tanks, I do need help from you guys!! And as a newbie to picos (got two now ), I'm looking for ideas that would work!

The idea: make list of plants small enough for a pico (< 2.5 g ~ 10 litres)... ones that would look good in one... and wouldn't be too troublesome to take care of (like some superfast-growing stemplants). Why pico size? A pico can fit only smaller plants than a nano, but a nano can fit them all alright! So no need to put a clause of size after some plants. This will hopefully restrict the size of the list, too...

I made a start by compiling some plants from the forum, and then went through both Tropica's and Dennerle's plant lists (click "Suche starten"-button on Dennerle's site).

Please, chime in the common names for the plants (if any), any plants missing, any plants not really fitting to the list... etc. I'll be updating the list by your suggestions!

Those plants recommended by members are marked with a +.
Those not recommended, with a -.
Parentheses around + or - signify: "with reservation."

Last edited by Daniel*Swords; 04-13-2007 at 10:38 AM.
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post #2 of 19 (permalink) Old 06-18-2006, 09:56 PM Thread Starter
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List

Floating plants

Mosquito/ Water Ferns: Azolla
Azolla cristata (syn. Azolla mexicana, A. caroliana, A. microphylla)
Azolla filiculoides
Azolla japonica
Azolla pinnata (with 3 subspecies)
Azolla rubra
Landoltia punctata (syn. Spirodela punctata)
Lemna gibba - Inflated Duckweed or Windbags
Lemna minor - Duckweed
Lemna minuta - Least/ Minute Duckweed
Lemna trisulca - Ivy-Leaved Duckweed
+Riccia fluitans - Crystalwort
+Riccia sp. - Dwarf Riccia
Utricularia gibba(?) - Bladderwort
Wolffia sp. (various)
Wolfiella sp. (various)

For Azolla species, see e.g. ABC of Azolla. For Duckweeds, see Lemnaceae.

Ground Covers/ Creeping Plants

Elatine americana
Elatine gratioloides
Elatine gussonei
Elatine hydropiper
Elatine macropoda
+Elatine triandra
+Eleocharis acicularis - Hairgrass
+Eleocharis parvula - Dwarf Hairgrass
Eleocharis sp. from Japan
(+)Glossostigma elatinoides - Glosso
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides - Lawn Marshpennywort
Hydrocotyle verticillata - Whorled Pennywort
Hygrophila sp. 'Araguaia'
+Lilaeopsis brasiliensis - Brazilian Micro Sword
Lilaeopsis mauritiana
+Lilaeopsis novae-zelandiae - Micro Sword
Littorella uniflora
+Hemianthus callitrichoides - HC
+Hemianthus micranthemoides - Pearl Weed/ HM
Marsilea hirsuta (& various sp.)
+Marsilea minuta - Dwarf Waterclover
Marsilea quadrifolia - Four Leaf Water Clover
+Micranthemum umbrosum - Baby Tears/ Shade Mudflower
Pilularia americana - American Pillwort
Pilularia globulifera - Pillwort
Ranunculus inundatus - River Buttercup
Ranunculus limosella
+Riccia fluitans - Crystalwort
Utricularia graminifolia

Stemplants

Bacopa australis
+Bacopa monnieri - Water Hyssop
Bacopa myriophylloides
+Blyxa japonica
Crassula helmsii - Swamp stonecrop
+Didiplis diandra - Water Hedge
+Hemianthus micranthemoides - Pearl Weed/ HM
-Heteranthera zosterifolia - Star Grass
Hydrotriche hottoniiflora
Hydrothrix sp.
Hygrophila sp. 'Araguaia'
(-)Limnophila aromatica
Lindernia sp 'Indian'
+Lindernia rotundifolia 'variegated'
+Lobelia cardinalis 'small form' - Cardinal Flower
+Ludwigia arcuata - Needle Leaf Ludwigia
Lysimachia nummularia - Creeping Jenny
Lysimachia nummularia 'aurea'
+Mayaca fluviatilis
+Micranthemum umbrosum - Baby Tears/ Shade Mudflower
Microcarpaea minima
Pogostemon helferi - Downoi
+Rotala indica, aka. Ammania sp. ‘Bonsai’ - Dwarf Bonsai
Rotala mexicana
Rotala rotundifolia
Rotala sp. 'Goias'
Rotala sp. ’Green’
Rotala sp. 'Mini'
Rotala sp. ’Nanjenshan’
Rotala sp. 'Vietnam'
Rotala wallichii - Whorly Rotala
Tonina fluviatilis
Tonina sp. Belem

Rosette plants

Baldellia ranunculoides
Cryptocoryne albida ’Red’
Cryptocoryne beckettii - Beckettii
Cryptocoryne beckettii ’petchii’ - Micro Crypt
Cryptocoryne costata
-Cryptocoryne lucens
+Cryptocoryne parva
+Cryptocoryne pygmaea
Cryptocoryne undulata
Cryptocoryne walkeri (lutea)
-Cryptocoryne wendtii ’green’
Cryptocoryne wendtii ’Green Gecko’
Cryptocoryne wendtii ‘Tropica’ - Tropica Crypt
Cryptocoryne x willisii
Echinodorus angustifolius
Echinodorus ‘Harbich’
+Echinodorus parviflorus ‘Tropica’
Helanthium bolivianum (= Ex-Echinodorus quadricostatus/ bolivianus/ latifolius/ magdalenensis)
Helanthium sp. São Paulo (= Ex-Echinodorus sp. São Paulo)
+Helanthium tenellum (= Ex-Echinodorus tenellus) - Dwarf/ Pygmy Chain Sword
Ranalisma rostrata
Sagittaria ’teres’/ Sagittaria subulata - Dwarf Sag
Samolus valerandi
-Vallisneria americana var. biwaensis, aka. spiralis var. tortifolia
Vallisneria americana 'Mini twister'

Mosses, liverworts and epiphytes

Any moss really, huh? See e.g. Aquamoss
-Taxiphyllum barbieri, ex-Vesicularia dubyana - Java Moss
Monosolenium tenerum - ‘Pellia’ liverwort
+Riccia fluitans - Crystalwort
Riccia sp. - Dwarf Riccia
+Riccardia chamedryfolia - Mini Pellia

"Süsswassertang," ie. a gametophyte of a fern, Lomariopsis lineata, looking like a liverwort

+Anubias barteri var. nana (’Petite’/ ’Mini’/ ’Bonsai’)
Anubias gracilis
+Microsorum pteropus 'Needle Leaf'


Algae

Chara sp. - Stonewort
Cladophora aegagropila - Marimo ball

Last edited by Daniel*Swords; 04-13-2007 at 05:44 PM. Reason: added plants
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post #3 of 19 (permalink) Old 06-18-2006, 10:07 PM
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Nice list. But my biggest complaint is getting photo's and plant explanations on one site. All those should be in our plant database. As far as I can tell, this forum has been here for years, but our plant list is small. Why? Is it that hard to get all of us putting plant photo's and explanation up?
Another thing, We have plant photo's and peoples comments but very little information on the plants. Can we fix this?

Thank you all.

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post #4 of 19 (permalink) Old 08-26-2006, 11:46 PM
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Heya thx for the list!

For plant common names:

Lilaeopsis brasiliensis & Lilaeopsis novae-zelandiae are both varieties of micro-swords, and Echinodorus tenellus's common name is pygmy chain sword.

As far as the plant database, its content depends on people who can manipulate it. It would be kinda nice if it was opened up so that anyone could contribute pics and info, wiki style
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post #5 of 19 (permalink) Old 08-27-2006, 08:36 AM Thread Starter
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Thank you, Keith!

On the question of the micro swords... would you think it would be possible to change the common name? I mean, that sword there is somewhat confusing... Should the name 'sword' be reserved for the Echinodorus only?

As for the input to the Plant Database, I think that we can all contribute to it at
Plant Submissions
and by adding pics at the Plant Database.
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post #6 of 19 (permalink) Old 08-27-2006, 01:52 PM
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Ah okay cool- i didn't realize that you could contribute.. In that case, if the database does have room for improvement, we should promote people to help out on the forums, and make it something really great

I think the common names are used pretty much everywhere.. its ashame though.. i was looking for some Lilaeopsis brasiliensis not long ago, and found someone who was selling them, but when i asked he wasn't sure whether they were L. brasiliensis or L. novae-zelandiae.
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post #7 of 19 (permalink) Old 09-28-2006, 06:57 PM
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value in list and db +...

I can see value in having a "sticky" list in this forum as well as a flag in the plant db (database).

The list provides ready reference for people interested in pico tanks. It would also be vetted (validated) by the weight of datapoints available at creation and per revision schedule) based on a hobbyist community's experience/lore.

The flag, standardized and common, (e,g, "great size for pico-tanks," "size works in nano-tanks," etc.) could allow someone to do an ad hoc querry (search) by keyword (pico, nano, size, etc.). The search terms I've had to use often are "foreground" and "mid" for plants small enough for pico/nano tanks.

The flag could also be used for structured querries.

ASIDE: Structured querries are another matter for the plant db of this Website. I hate to say it here, but I've found APC's to be one of the more helpful on the Web and, I think, ought to be emulated (read that: wholesale copied) here et alia. One improvement I'd like to see is allowing people to build a querry using more than one structured criteria/flags. For example, "low" light & "medium" light, or "low" light & "small" size (ideal size for pico), or "low" light & "easy" to care for/hardy). ...jess my 2¢

Last edited by TommyBoy; 09-28-2006 at 06:58 PM. Reason: typo
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post #8 of 19 (permalink) Old 09-29-2006, 07:02 PM Thread Starter
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Thank you, TommyBoy!

I think your views are well worth considering!
I would love to put some more data to the plants... I only have experience with some of them! So guys...
I started thinking that I could link the names to our plant db, or to external sites where more info can be found.

Also, I like your idea for the freer/ more flexible key word query! I hope it's doable!
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post #9 of 19 (permalink) Old 04-11-2007, 07:05 PM Thread Starter
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Adding here a couple of links to earlier/current pico/ nano plant lists.

Detailed
Tropica
Some
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post #10 of 19 (permalink) Old 04-12-2007, 07:00 AM
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Downoi is a stem plant....
I would add Rotala sp. 'Vietnam' and Hemianthus calcitroides to the list.

Nice compliation

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post #11 of 19 (permalink) Old 04-12-2007, 08:52 AM Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by hooha View Post
Downoi is a stem plant....
I would add Rotala sp. 'Vietnam' and Hemianthus calcitroides to the list.

Nice compliation
Thanks, hooha!
Added the Rotala & moved the Downoi (oops... what was I thinking.. It looks like a rosette, though, when small... )
HC was on the list already...
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post #12 of 19 (permalink) Old 04-12-2007, 03:14 PM
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Nice list. Some suggestions:

1. Definitely need to add Marsilia minutiae. I replaced glosso with it. It is smaller, a nicer darker green, and grows at a more managable pace.
2. Also, add mini pellia. I'd recommend this over normal pellia for a pico, if you can afford it!
3. Needle Leaf (especially) should be on there, it stays about 4 inches or so. and is just tits for nanos.
4: Do folks consider blyxa japonica too big? I could see it working in a 2.5 before some of those other stem plants...

But hmmmm, In other ways I think the list is already too long. there are several plants that are problematic at best in < or = 2.5g. Do you want a "comprehensive list" or a "best fit" list? It sounds like the latter from your first post: "ones that would look good in one... and wouldn't be too troublesome to take care of (like some superfast-growing stemplants)."

Some of the stem plants I'd recommend cutting (no pun intended): star grass grows really fast and has a large footprint. it is also fairly high light. I have trouble maintaining it in my 20g. I'd take it off the list. If you keep it, then you have to add similar species like ammania gracilis, l. aromatica etc. I'd actually think l. aromatica is more appropriate than star grass...it grows so slowly.
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post #13 of 19 (permalink) Old 04-12-2007, 06:29 PM Thread Starter
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Thank you, macclellan, for you thoughtful insights! Just the kind of input I was looking for.

I added the species you recommended. The Blyxa actually was on the list already... I guess the list is becoming a cumbersome read. For that reason, I went and changed the order of the scientific and common names. Better? It is my hope that I could add still some data to all the species, like info on the home continent & maybe light requirements. I'm trying out a grading system there (+ or -). Do you think it could work?

I think I might disagree on the Star Grass. I have it growing quite nicely in my low light tank (36 W/ ~29 gall), slowly but ok. I had one stem in a pico tank (1 litre ~1/4 gall) for a while, and it was ok - not spectacular but ok. I guess here we are entering the territory of aesthetics... and that is a whole other subject! On the other hand, I guess I was striving for a comprehensive best fit -list... so the aesthetics are inevitable.
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post #14 of 19 (permalink) Old 04-12-2007, 07:35 PM
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Yes, alphabetical by species is helpful. thanks for that.

I'd also suggest 'epiphyte' as a heading. I don't know that I'd call anubias or java fern a 'stem plant'. Also, Blyxa is a stem plant, not a rosette, but I could see why you'd think so (I saw the same happened with Downoi). This may show that there is some overlap between plant morphology and aquascape placement, as much as we may try and separate the two. I still want to call Downoi and Blyxa "grass plants" and Riccia a "moss" even if it is not botanically correct.

Lastly, I messed up in my first post. In #3, I meant to say needle leaf Java Fern, not just needle leaf. It is just great for small tanks! Grows slowly, stays relatively short, and is very undemanding light/nutrient wise.

regards,

joel macclellan

Last edited by macclellan; 04-12-2007 at 10:11 PM.
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post #15 of 19 (permalink) Old 04-12-2007, 09:05 PM
 
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What about getting the web master to dedicate a Forum Jump that would take you directly to a page that has the list. It could allow people to add common names from their area, but limit scientific naming to a limited few who had permissions. I would think this could be a great selling point for the whole forum. Just a thought... :-)
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