Some basics of the basics:
1. How to remove uneaten food right after 2-5 min feeding, without disturbing fish too much, or plants dead leaves and animal waste?
2. I have ready-made black plastic canopy with glass strip 4"/10cm wide for light to pass through, would like to make more space for light passage, like glass cover.
Tried to cut two pieces of glass (one removable for feeding/cleaning, second - the main part for lights), but my version of reflector - stainless steel mud pan with 2x23W CFL, 4100K, no venting holes, standing on four wire legs - was too hot, and glass cracked. Temporarily I'm using the same old canopy with low-heat handheld working lights, fluorescent U-tubes, 2x13W, 6500K. It's theoretically possible to hang the lights above aquarium, so the heat will not be an issue, but I can't imagine non-intrusive (drawing attention to itself) design, other than damaging ceilings - there are no walls nearby.
Tried web search - didn't found anything yet. Any ideas?
3. Filter intake need to be cleaned once in two days at most - this is newly set aquarium, two weeks only. Intake is covered by nylon knee-stockings for preventing crude particles entering the filter. Same question - how to do that without disturbing fish? Or remove waste more efficiently, so less debries will go on the filter.
4. I'm using Wisper 5-15 gal power filter, hanging on the side. Very strong current, too strong if hanging on the back of the tank. Do you have the same problem, how to deal with it?
5. Most voluminous plants in my tank are hornworts. Tried to bury their ends in the substrate. Bottom leaves turn brown and fall off after few days, new growth floats on the top and block the light for the other plants. Is there better way to handle this?
6. How to feed the small hatchets? Tried different kinds of floating food, no use. Couldn't find small live food in Toronto. Now have to feed them individually - frozen blood worms, unfrozen and prewashed in the glass of aquarium water, holded by tweezers before their noses.
- 10 gal glass aquarium kit with black plastic canopy for 2x15W lights originally,
- vermiculite/soil/hydrostone substrate with 5-8mm size gravel layer over it,
- Heater; Wisper filter, CO2 from 750 ml bottle is injected into filter's intake tube, pH is stabile 7.5 with or without CO2 injection. Seachem Stability added on regular basis as bacterial support for this new aquarium,
- fish: 5 small hatchets, marbled and black-winged (I guess), they don't jump yet, 5 white clouds (biggest harasses all others, very territorial, supposed to be a team player), 4 ghost shrimps, 1 dwarf African frog
- plants: mostly hornwort, vallisneria - spiral and jungle, Amazon swords, one Java fern, banana plant, aponogeton bulbs started to grow.