Welcome back to the most rewarding/relaxing hobby I’ve found. I made a long answer here, sorry to the ADHDers out there.
1) Lights: You could likely be just fine with the same light. If not enough (judge after watching plant growth), one more of the same, perhaps. There’s also longer lights in the same series, but I think just one of the same is enough. I have always started with lights on a fairly short ON time: 5 hours, e.g. After plants are settled and growing, more time is just fine.
2) Plants: Crypts and Anubias are great, I love them. For stems, I’ve had great luck with Bacopa - easy to propagate, and even looks good if it gets above the surface. For red, alternanthera reineckii. It likes nutrients at the roots and more light, so consider placing it right under. Anubias does not like tons of direct light, in contrast, so it can be placed at the sides, etc. Consider some moss and/or moss balls, to give shrimp a nice home. Flame moss is my fave, as it is easier for me to keep contained than Java moss or others. Maybe some floater plants too, esp. if the surface waterflow is low (most don’t like to be pushed around).
I would recommend planting as much as possible right from the beginning.
3) Substrate: I have a variety in use, with varied results. All can be OK. I have BDBS (inert black sand) with a wide variety of plants - including all of your list, and root feeders like Amazon sword, Aponogeton, Dwarf Sagittarius, and some type of Marsilea. I put some Osmocote Plus under it in a sparse layer when I set it up, nothing else in a year of running. I also have tanks with Fluorite Black - lots of plants, no issue, but a bit slower. Sand-capped dirt seems to be best/fastest, especially for the a. reineckii, though really not required - I have a bit of that growing in every tank at different speeds. I even have crypts growing just fine in old ‘natural’ aquarium gravel, and Bacopa, java fern, and some more in just sand.
Pick what you like, work with it.
After plants are growing well, some type of water column fertilizer is good to add. I use Easy Green at about half to full dose, based on what I see happening. Lots of other options, too.
4) Filters: Aquaclear are still the best HOB, you’re perfectly safe there. I’d put an intake filter on it, to keep a stray leaf from choking up the inlet. Shrimp would prefer the prefilter, too - especially the babies. I have (just like substrates) a wide variety of devices in use - airlift sponges (purchased and DIY), foam matten, Fluval canisters, diy canisters, several HOB, and one sump currently out of commission (never got it quiet enough). A 10g is small enough to be OK with a single sponge, or an AC20 is my #2 choice. Both create enough flow, house enough filter surface, and are easy to service.
The 10g is about as easy as it gets for setup, and has a nice footprint for aquascaping on-the-cheap. Shrimp are a great choice for fauna - they’re never boring.
Please, take pictures of every step, good or bad. Future-you will be thankful for the record, and you’ll be able to really see the progress over time. If you want, post ‘em here for encouragement, feedback, advice, and some bragging, too.
To view links or images in signatures your post count must be 10 or greater. You currently have 0 posts.
I can only grow plants when they're completely under water. Everything else is doomed.