I have seen cloudy days on the first month as a newbie. Luckily I got a helping internet connection, tons of info from the old fashioned one to latest high tech. Thanks to this forum I can grow better and on a wider variety.
20 gal : 80cm x 30cm x 35cm
overflow filtration with floss, sponge and bioballs (DIY)
lighting :20W Hagen power glo, 20W hitachi red, 2x25W mitsutec daylight
pH :around 7 or so (universal indicator)
DIY CO2 injection via vortec bioballs reactor
once a week 50% water change
fertilization (last 1 month) :
urea 2-3x a week 1/2 teaspoon
MgSO4 2x a week 1/2 teaspoon
calcium 1x a week 1/2 teaspoon
NPK 20-15-25 1x a week 1/2 teaspoon
concentrated liquified K 3x a week 5mL
all local chemical/garden product
Niche Iron + trace 3 x a week 5mL
All dosing is based on trial and error, learning from here and there and watching how plants react to certain fert.
bottom layer is 1/2" 1-2mm zeolite (a very high CEC mineral)
top layer is natural river sand size 1-5mm from Malang (a city in central Java). This sand is black and very dark brown in colour and consist of lava rock, gravel, etc. It is rough, porous but not light. Java is famous for natural fertile volcanic land. This substrate regime is interesting, the more you season it properly, the more nutritious it gets. Zeolite has a very good CEC quality while lava rock retains moderate CEC with its pores. When chemical concentration gets high in the water collumn, the substrate will absorb some. Plants consume the water nutrition and substrate will release all the stuff they absorb before until concentration is balanced. You will not see this effect in a short time. Believe me this tank gets better only after 3 months of cycle.
Flora : I still have not remember the names for all the plants, even the one in my own tank
See for yourself
Fauna : currently
13 neon tetras
3 african sinodontis
6 ghost shrimps
What's that dollarweed-looking plant in the third picture? Is it the same stuff spilling out the back of one of Barr's tanks here?
The round leafed one? it is monocotyl variety and it does not grow outside water, just up to the surface.
What is that you have for substrate ? I like the look of it and it is doing wonders for your root feeders. It looks brown...
natural product of zeolite and volcanic river sand with seasoning
I have my 260gal scaped but it is not seasoned yet so still doing plant changes and such. Will show you some time later.
Still learing and will learn from you great people