Join Date: Oct 2008
Location: Salt Lake City, UT
We should have another installation put out next week or so, filming will be over the weekend likely that details methods for the first week, etc.
As far as Using Bacter 100 + Clear Super + Power Sand Special S, we always use extra, it's not a requirement, but it adds some extra punch. Amano does it this way as well, using Power Sand Special in addition to Bacter 100/Clear Super is pretty much his main stay.
Bacter 100 is essentially a whole variety of different micro-organisms (according to ADA over 100 different types), and essentially serves to super-seed your substrate as a secondary biological filter, by means of giving plant roots direct access to these bacteria, their health, stamina and vigor is increased, as well as increasing water quality and purity.
Clear Super serves as a "food source," for the Bacteria, while Power Sand serves as a highly porous "base/home" for the bacteria to thrive in.
Penac W is serves to help both balance the pH of the aquarium, oxygenate the water
(the substrate "pearls," but is most beneficial in this capacity in larger aquariums) and serves to clear up the aquarium water and keep it pure. So for example you could have a really cloudy aquarium from excess tannins, etc and add Penac W, which by the next day will give you completely clear water, or if you gassed the aquarium accidentally, Penac W serves to rapidly oxygenate the water if you add it in).
Penac P is a similar additive but for plants, and to be honest, ADA doesn't share much specifics on it, however it does act to stabilize pH and carbonate hardness in aquariums that suffer from too low pH.
Tourmaline BC is sort of a high-purity carbon that acts as another method of controlling water purity.
The additives aren't completely necessary - Amano describes them like taking vitamin tablets - not necessary to live, but helps out.
Aquascaper for life.