New planted 48g tank
5 days ago I set up a fresh water planted tank with the intent of transfering fish from an already established tank.
I'm relatively new to aquariums but in the last year or so I've been taking care of a 165L tank which wasn't being well maintained by a family member. The tank has been running for years, with good levels of everything and fish seem very healthy, just look like they need some more room.
I purchased a 182L (48g) aquaone horizon starter kit tank with a 36W LED light, hang on filter with a flow of 600L/ hour and a 200w glass heater.
The set up is
Soil - osmocote organic garden soil + (highest point is roughly 2.5" lowest point roughly 1.5") capped with Substrate - Aqua iron ( black sand) by Oliver Knott ( highest points 1.5" and lowest 1")
- Rocks & driftwood taken from the existing tank.
When I filled the tank with water I tried to use as much of the established tanks water as possible (thinking it was ideal). I filled it with about 40% and the rest with tap water (which is used in the established tanks water changes). The next day I did a 50% water change to clear some of the murkiness of the water and again added another 40% of the established tanks water and then probably another 20L of tap water.
At that time (few hours after the water change) on day 2 the readings were
(Apart from the ammonia these read exactly like the existing tank)
On the 3rd 4th and current day (5th) the readings have been
Ammonia 8.0 ppm
Nitrite 0 ppm
Nitrate 40 ppm
I don't really know what the normal readings should be for a new tank but I know that the pH and the ammonia are too high for fish to live in ( I haven't put any livestock in the tank) and that the ammonia should turn into nitrite then to nitrate? But I'm confused because the nitrite is currently 0.
I have been running it with the filter on, heater on 28 celcius and light on for 8 hours a day.
The plants, honestly not quite sure what they are, picked them up from my local pet shop after researching hardy plants. They seem to be growing well sprouting new roots.
There also seems to be air bubbles in the soil that are visible from the sides of the tank and occasionally surface and bring with them tiny bits of the soil. I made sure to wet and compact the soil a lot before adding the substrate.
The water is also looking a little bit cloudy, sorta greenish.
So basically I would love some help with were to go from here, are the bubbles bad? Will the readings get better with time and frequent water changes? Should I get a quick start or not?
I plan on getting a water hardness tester kit also.