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Search: Keyword(s): ; Posts Made By: Hoppy
Forum: DIY Today, 01:48 AM
Replies: 223
Views: 20,362
Posted By Hoppy
For 40 PAR at 20 inches, I would use 7 strips,...

For 40 PAR at 20 inches, I would use 7 strips, using a mix of cool white and warm white that looks best to you. This is without a reflective "shade" over the light, which is what your hood would...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters Today, 01:37 AM
Replies: 3
Views: 59
Posted By Hoppy
Are there any rocks in the tank? What substrate...

Are there any rocks in the tank? What substrate do you use? How big is the tank?
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-29-2014, 07:11 PM
Replies: 13
Views: 331
Posted By Hoppy
I don't remember anyone reporting that to be a...

I don't remember anyone reporting that to be a problem.
Forum: DIY 10-29-2014, 02:58 PM
Replies: 223
Views: 20,362
Posted By Hoppy
You can grow all types of plants with a wide...

You can grow all types of plants with a wide range of light intensity. You will need CO2 more than you will need high light. If you shoot for around 50-60 PAR, and use CO2 carefully adjusted to the...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-28-2014, 10:10 PM
Replies: 13
Views: 331
Posted By Hoppy
I think I would use Excel with those plants, and...

I think I would use Excel with those plants, and that much light. Usually the nutrient that is in short supply first is carbon, so Excel usually is very beneficial.
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-28-2014, 08:18 PM
Replies: 13
Views: 331
Posted By Hoppy
What plants are you growing? How well are they...

What plants are you growing? How well are they doing? The slower the plants grow the less fertilizer they need. If you have all anubias, for example, they will need far less fertilizer than if you...
Forum: Substrate 10-28-2014, 04:47 PM
Replies: 9
Views: 275
Posted By Hoppy
If the tank is heavily planted, and the plants...

If the tank is heavily planted, and the plants are growing, you shouldn't have much of a problem with ammonia. The plants will use it up about as fast as the fish can supply it. This is assuming...
Forum: Low Tech Forum 10-28-2014, 04:43 PM
Replies: 24
Views: 425
Posted By Hoppy
When I made my filter I found a plastic pipe in...

When I made my filter I found a plastic pipe in the Home Depot plumbing department that snugly fit over the outlet of my Koralia-type powerhead, and used that to keep the powerhead well back in the...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-28-2014, 04:31 PM
Replies: 7
Views: 204
Posted By Hoppy
The reason I doubt that we can get 270 ppm of CO2...

The reason I doubt that we can get 270 ppm of CO2 in our aquarium water is the difficulty of supplying it faster than it outgases from the water surface. If we seal off the air chamber above the...
Forum: DIY 10-28-2014, 04:32 AM
Replies: 7
Views: 168
Posted By Hoppy
Carbonated beverages are loaded with CO2, so they...

Carbonated beverages are loaded with CO2, so they can contain a lot of pressure from that CO2. That means any bottle that was made to contain a carbonated beverage will be safe for DIY CO2, whether...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-28-2014, 04:28 AM
Replies: 2
Views: 138
Posted By Hoppy
What specific lighting do you use? What type,...

What specific lighting do you use? What type, how many of what bulbs, what brand of light fixture, what reflectors, etc.? It is light that determines what fertilizing you need to do, and whether...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-28-2014, 04:23 AM
Replies: 9
Views: 297
Posted By Hoppy
We are not all alike in our approach to planted...

We are not all alike in our approach to planted tanks. Some of us can use an incentive to do routine tank maintenance. If we change water weekly, we can either sit around waiting for the tank water...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-28-2014, 04:14 AM
Replies: 7
Views: 204
Posted By Hoppy
A drop in pH by 1.0 represents a 10X increase in...

A drop in pH by 1.0 represents a 10X increase in ppm of CO2. If you start with 2.7 ppm of CO2, then the 1.0 drop means you have 27 ppm. But, 2.0 drop in pH means a 100X increase in ppm of CO2, so...
Forum: DIY 10-28-2014, 01:14 AM
Replies: 7
Views: 314
Posted By Hoppy
The attractive feature of this method is that you...

The attractive feature of this method is that you don't need to hit the measurements with great accuracy. You are cutting the pieces so everything fits even if the tank isn't the size you wanted. ...
Forum: Substrate 10-25-2014, 08:08 PM
Replies: 10
Views: 249
Posted By Hoppy
They are all correct, and all will soon be...

They are all correct, and all will soon be unnoticed if the tank is heavily planted and regular heavy pruning isn't done. Also, if you rescape your tank once a year, the slopes have some chance of...
Forum: Lighting 10-25-2014, 08:00 PM
Replies: 13
Views: 376
Posted By Hoppy
There is a limit to how much we can get from...

There is a limit to how much we can get from knowing the PAR reading for a light fixture. The most obvious limit is from the huge variation in PAR from the water surface to the substrate, with the...
Forum: Substrate 10-25-2014, 04:10 PM
Replies: 10
Views: 249
Posted By Hoppy
Because of buoyancy most substrate materials...

Because of buoyancy most substrate materials can't hold slopes in an aquarium. Slopes gradually level out over time. Some substrates, like ADA Aquasoil, seem to be able to hold slopes better, but I...
Forum: DIY 10-25-2014, 04:01 PM
Replies: 271
Views: 97,719
Posted By Hoppy
Do rimless tanks have thinner glass bottoms than...

Do rimless tanks have thinner glass bottoms than standard tanks? If not, then they can't require any more support than standard tanks. The bottom rim of a standard tank is what supports the bottom...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-24-2014, 11:08 PM
Replies: 31
Views: 579
Posted By Hoppy
I think the mistake you are making is that you...

I think the mistake you are making is that you are relying on a nitrate test kit to tell you whether you need to dose nitrates. If you have calibrated the test kit, you can do that, but if not, you...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 10-23-2014, 04:54 PM
Replies: 12
Views: 325
Posted By Hoppy
A 20L tank is only about 12 inches top to bottom,...

A 20L tank is only about 12 inches top to bottom, so any light you lay on top of the tank is likely to be about 10 inches from the substrate. Even a single T8 bulb light can give you medium to high...
Forum: DIY 10-22-2014, 07:52 PM
Replies: 4
Views: 288
Posted By Hoppy
Those rafts, as I recall, are made of closed cell...

Those rafts, as I recall, are made of closed cell foam, so they can support the weight of plants. Filter foam is always open cell foam. Also, you need to verify that the foam you use doesn't leach...
Forum: Lighting 10-22-2014, 05:16 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 144
Posted By Hoppy
If the tank is 10" x 10" x 15", it is a 6.5...

If the tank is 10" x 10" x 15", it is a 6.5 gallon tank, not a 15 gallon tank. For that size there are several clip on lights that could work.
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion 10-22-2014, 04:39 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 141
Posted By Hoppy
I think you will have to measure the light to...

I think you will have to measure the light to find out how much you have. You can buy an inexpensive lux meter on Amazon or Ebay, use it to measure how much light, in lux, you have at the same...
Forum: Algae 10-21-2014, 04:19 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 195
Posted By Hoppy
It must be that time of year again! A few years...

It must be that time of year again! A few years ago it was almost certain that someone would ask about barley straw as a cure for algae about every 2-3 months. Lately, the time between those...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion 10-21-2014, 03:47 PM
Replies: 15
Views: 437
Posted By Hoppy
Don't believe your nitrate test kit unless you...

Don't believe your nitrate test kit unless you have calibrated it. You have to use the kit correctly, and you have to interpret the results correctly, or it won't give you an accurate reading. ...
Showing results 1 to 25 of 250

 
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