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Search: Keyword(s): ; Posts Made By: Byron
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters   04-02-2014, 05:28 PM
Replies: 66
Views: 5,475
Posted By Byron
I was citing an excerpt from the article, and it...

I was citing an excerpt from the article, and it was referring to ammonia (food). In another section of the article they deal with oxygen, and here too it seems from the study that low oxygen does...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters   03-31-2014, 04:20 PM
Replies: 66
Views: 5,475
Posted By Byron
The evidence from a scientific study suggests...

The evidence from a scientific study suggests these bacteria do remain "alive" much longer than some think. This study was reported in Practical Fishkeeping in February of 2012, and the article can...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters   02-16-2014, 05:40 PM
Replies: 66
Views: 5,475
Posted By Byron
To answer the initial question in post #1, no,...

To answer the initial question in post #1, no, beginning aquarists must understand the nitrification cycle and somehow deal with it, or dead fish will result. I wrote an article a couple years back...
Forum: Tank Journals   02-15-2014, 09:12 PM
Replies: 16
Views: 2,639
Posted By Byron
I would agree that it may not today be...

I would agree that it may not today be overstocked, but there are some very serious problems with the fish stocking and things will become problematic sooner or later.

Two angelfish will fill a...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   02-14-2012, 03:44 PM
Replies: 84
Views: 19,451
Posted By Byron
Now we're getting somewhwere. Submersed...

Now we're getting somewhwere.

Submersed plants are about four times slower at production that the same plant species emersed. This is due to the CO2. CO2 diffuses 10,000 times more slowly in...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   02-13-2012, 06:53 PM
Replies: 84
Views: 19,451
Posted By Byron
This is correct. CO2 occurs from the continual...

This is correct. CO2 occurs from the continual respiration of fish and plants. But the majority of CO2, far greater than from respiration, occurs from the breakdown of organics by bacteria...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   02-09-2012, 01:31 AM
Replies: 84
Views: 19,451
Posted By Byron
Thank you Daximus, this goes a long way to...

Thank you Daximus, this goes a long way to explain things.:thumbsup:
Forum: Low Tech Forum   02-08-2012, 10:42 PM
Replies: 84
Views: 19,451
Posted By Byron
This is still very unclear. For years it has...

This is still very unclear. For years it has been maintained that surface disturbance drives out CO2 and brings in oxygen, the gaseous exchange. Increasing surface movement would therefore seem to...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion   01-29-2012, 10:55 PM
Replies: 30
Views: 2,160
Posted By Byron
It might be the water parameters. What is your...

It might be the water parameters. What is your GH and pH? Cardinals are greatly affected by both of these. Any any significant change from store/bag water to the tank could be detrimental.
...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion   01-29-2012, 10:49 PM
Replies: 11
Views: 6,637
Posted By Byron
Aquatic plants require sufficient light and 17...

Aquatic plants require sufficient light and 17 nutrients in order to photosynthesize; provided all this is available, plants will photosynthesize full out. This works to inhibit algae. The faster...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   01-29-2012, 10:13 PM
Replies: 84
Views: 19,451
Posted By Byron
I do not understand how this can be. Surface...

I do not understand how this can be. Surface disturbance at any level will drive CO2 out of the water and draw in oxygen. Air bubbling devices, airstone, etc. in the tank do the same. I have never...
Forum: Plants   01-24-2012, 12:54 AM
Replies: 4
Views: 371
Posted By Byron
Yes, Vallisneria americana var. americana, or...

Yes, Vallisneria americana var. americana, or common names the Giant Vall and Jungle Vall. The wide leaf form has the blade 10-25mm wide with 5-9 veins and the narrow leaf form has the blade up to...
Forum: Plants   01-22-2012, 08:34 PM
Replies: 12
Views: 1,653
Posted By Byron
Thanks again, I certainly appreciate the...

Thanks again, I certainly appreciate the information. B.
Forum: Plants   01-22-2012, 06:35 PM
Replies: 12
Views: 1,653
Posted By Byron
Thank you both. Is this common with all species...

Thank you both. Is this common with all species of aquarium moss? I've got quite a lot of it covering wood in several tanks and have never noticed anything like this.
Forum: Plants   01-21-2012, 09:25 PM
Replies: 12
Views: 1,653
Posted By Byron
Flowering moss???

The "flowers" in the attached photos are allegedly from Java Moss, though all botanists I have found say mosses do not flower, so I am assuming this may be some other plant that resembles a moss. ...
Forum: Lighting   01-04-2012, 10:14 PM
Replies: 6
Views: 1,875
Posted By Byron
The plants in the 33g are Helanthium tenellus...

The plants in the 33g are Helanthium tenellus [pygmy chain sword, used to be scientifically Echinodorus tenellus but is now in Helanthium so you may see it under either name], Helanthium bolivianus...
Forum: Lighting   01-04-2012, 07:26 PM
Replies: 6
Views: 1,875
Posted By Byron
Those stem plants do need brighter light than...

Those stem plants do need brighter light than many other plants in my experience, but with two T8 tubes over a 30g that should be OK. I am a believer in minimal light (for the fish's sake) so I stay...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   06-23-2010, 06:39 PM
Replies: 1,810
Views: 978,816
Posted By Byron
That's a very nice aquascape for the newts. Very.

That's a very nice aquascape for the newts. Very.
Forum: Low Tech Forum   06-16-2010, 05:55 PM
Replies: 13
Views: 10,046
Posted By Byron
For light, one T8 tube is sufficient. For a...

For light, one T8 tube is sufficient. For a filter, I would use a simple sponge and air pump on anything under a 50g. Plain aquarium gravel can be bought in bulk, or from a landscape/stone place; I...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   06-15-2010, 05:29 PM
Replies: 15
Views: 7,727
Posted By Byron
Beautiful aquarium, well done.

Beautiful aquarium, well done.
Forum: Low Tech Forum   06-15-2010, 05:26 PM
Replies: 16
Views: 1,636
Posted By Byron
I consider your light very high. If you can...

I consider your light very high. If you can remove one tube and still have the other light it would work, but most fixtures are not wired to allow this, both tubes have to be in. If that won't work,...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   06-11-2010, 11:11 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 996
Posted By Byron
Assuming your two tubes are 48-inch, you will be...

Assuming your two tubes are 48-inch, you will be fine for the plants you mention. The clover may require more light, I've never tried it myself and substrate plants sometimes do, but I would not...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   02-26-2010, 01:29 AM
Replies: 36
Views: 3,811
Posted By Byron
If you reduced the light intensity hair algae...

If you reduced the light intensity hair algae would be a loser. Light should be the limiting factor and the plants will outcompete the algae always.
Forum: Low Tech Forum   02-21-2010, 10:58 PM
Replies: 6
Views: 1,178
Posted By Byron
I would suggest different plants before more...

I would suggest different plants before more light. The plants that are doing well now would probably not if the light is increased. Anubias like to be in shade, and the crypts and JF would manage...
Forum: Low Tech Forum   02-13-2010, 12:33 AM
Replies: 5
Views: 893
Posted By Byron
Interesting question. I have heavily-stocked...

Interesting question. I have heavily-stocked tanks, well planted, no CO2, and I have minimal water movement via the canister filters which run continuously. I have never considered an aerator at...
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