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Search: Keyword(s): ; Posts Made By: Hoppy
Forum: Lighting 11-24-2014, 06:12 AM
Replies: 346
Views: 140,083
Posted By Hoppy
One way T5HO bulbs have an edge over PC bulbs is...

One way T5HO bulbs have an edge over PC bulbs is that you can design a reflector that greatly increases the light that reaches the aquarium substrate because it is a linear bulb. But, a PC bulb,...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-24-2014, 02:42 AM
Replies: 10
Views: 356
Posted By Hoppy
This has been proven to be wrong by many people. ...

This has been proven to be wrong by many people. Excess nutrients can actually suppress growth of some algae.
Forum: Lighting 11-24-2014, 02:35 AM
Replies: 346
Views: 140,083
Posted By Hoppy
Candymancan, how would you advise someone on what...

Candymancan, how would you advise someone on what specific light fixture to use on a specific tank, in order to get a a medium light intensity at the substrate in the middle of the tank? If you have...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion 11-22-2014, 04:28 PM
Replies: 15
Views: 518
Posted By Hoppy
I go to the forums, then usually start with DIY...

I go to the forums, then usually start with DIY forum and look at the un-read post listings to see what I might find interesting. From there I go backwards through the other forums, stopping at the...
Forum: Lighting 11-22-2014, 05:58 AM
Replies: 5
Views: 181
Posted By Hoppy
T8 bulbs are an inch in diameter, while T5 bulbs...

T8 bulbs are an inch in diameter, while T5 bulbs are 5/8 inch in diameter. T5HO light fixtures and bulbs are run at a higher power per foot of bulb length than T8 or T5NO bulbs, so they give more...
Forum: Lighting 11-17-2014, 05:22 PM
Replies: 3
Views: 139
Posted By Hoppy
It is both too much light and too long a...

It is both too much light and too long a photoperiod. Eight hours is about as long a photoperiod as you can get by with. And, no more than one bulb should be on at a time.
Forum: Lighting 11-17-2014, 05:36 AM
Replies: 2
Views: 198
Posted By Hoppy
Intensity and photo period are not...

Intensity and photo period are not interchangeable. Plants require an intensity above certain minimum or even 24 hours a day will not let the plants grow. And, a very high intensity can trigger...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-15-2014, 03:29 AM
Replies: 19
Views: 529
Posted By Hoppy
What is the CaribSea product you are using? I...

What is the CaribSea product you are using? I didn't find any that are called CaribSea sand that were not made with lots of aragonite and/or shell fragments.
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-15-2014, 03:20 AM
Replies: 17
Views: 449
Posted By Hoppy
Over dosing fertilizers does not cause algae. ...

Over dosing fertilizers does not cause algae. Many, if not most of us use the EI fertilizing method, which almost always involves dosing more than the plants use. As long as you are not grossly...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion 11-12-2014, 05:45 AM
Replies: 13
Views: 371
Posted By Hoppy
I agree with the others, that you are not dosing...

I agree with the others, that you are not dosing enough NPK, so the plants growth rates are being limited by the availability of basic nutrients. When that is the case you usually see the most...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-11-2014, 04:10 AM
Replies: 7
Views: 218
Posted By Hoppy
Something is inconsistent with your water...

Something is inconsistent with your water parameters. If your pH is as low as 5.8 you almost certainly have a high CO2 concentration in the water, so a properly set up drop checker should be light...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-11-2014, 04:02 AM
Replies: 6
Views: 273
Posted By Hoppy
If the pH is high because the KH is high, water...

If the pH is high because the KH is high, water changes using distilled or RO/DI water will lower the pH. Do small changes, a small change each day, and you will slowly lower the pH. If the high KH...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-11-2014, 03:58 AM
Replies: 19
Views: 549
Posted By Hoppy
The buffer for pH is the combination of carbonic...

The buffer for pH is the combination of carbonic acid from the CO2 in the water and the carbonates (KH) in the water. The pH that this buffer maintains depends on how much KH and how much CO2 is in...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-11-2014, 03:49 AM
Replies: 4
Views: 175
Posted By Hoppy
It all depends on what you call medium light. ...

It all depends on what you call medium light. Anything more than low light and you are getting into the area where more carbon is needed than the fish/substrate/air can supply. The consequences of...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion 11-10-2014, 05:33 AM
Replies: 13
Views: 548
Posted By Hoppy
You have a lot of light! Probably high light, so...

You have a lot of light! Probably high light, so you need to be using pressurized CO2 to keep the plants growing in good health, which is what makes it much easier to keep algae from taking over.
...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion 11-10-2014, 05:27 AM
Replies: 3
Views: 156
Posted By Hoppy
The Marineland double bright isn't a very bright...

The Marineland double bright isn't a very bright light, compared to many LED lights. Is the 27 gallon tank a 20" long by 18 inches high tank? If so, that light would give you only 20 PAR or less...
Forum: Equipment 11-08-2014, 08:03 PM
Replies: 10
Views: 461
Posted By Hoppy
That size tank gets you into a whole new type of...

That size tank gets you into a whole new type of equipment setup. You will want something like a venturi system to get the CO2 into the water flowing to the tank, with multiple inlets to the tank. ...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-08-2014, 04:33 PM
Replies: 3
Views: 144
Posted By Hoppy
All pH test kits use the same pH sensitive dyes. ...

All pH test kits use the same pH sensitive dyes. They are all equally easy/hard to read. You can get a high range pH test kit, which uses one dye, or a low range pH test kit, which uses a different...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-08-2014, 04:27 PM
Replies: 6
Views: 170
Posted By Hoppy
It is a good idea to do frequent big water...

It is a good idea to do frequent big water changes when first setting up a tank with ADA Aquasoil Amazonia. That substrate can leach a lot of ammonia for a few weeks. You don't need to change...
Forum: General Planted Tank Discussion 11-07-2014, 05:47 PM
Replies: 5
Views: 149
Posted By Hoppy
The well water is safe for the fish, but if you...

The well water is safe for the fish, but if you have a planted tank, you may run into BBA problems from the periodic surge in CO2 content in the water. (With every water change.) If you use Seachem...
Forum: Lighting 11-07-2014, 12:21 AM
Replies: 2
Views: 227
Posted By Hoppy
LED light fixtures are not all alike. Some run...

LED light fixtures are not all alike. Some run at a fixed current, with no adjustment available. Others can have the current adjusted to adjust the amount of light emitted. And, still others have...
Forum: DIY 11-07-2014, 12:06 AM
Replies: 11
Views: 582
Posted By Hoppy
If you build a 4'x8' catch basin under the stand,...

If you build a 4'x8' catch basin under the stand, how do you ensure that the catch basin doesn't leak when you finally need it? Glass tanks are almost 100% safe from leaks, but a wood basin, with a...
Forum: DIY 11-05-2014, 03:30 AM
Replies: 42
Views: 40,673
Posted By Hoppy
It will work reasonably well as long as you have...

It will work reasonably well as long as you have a good idea what angle to use as the optic cone angle, and if you have good data on the lumen output at the current you will be using. The cone angle...
Forum: Plants 11-05-2014, 03:15 AM
Replies: 14
Views: 432
Posted By Hoppy
Not many plants will be in good shape after 9...

Not many plants will be in good shape after 9 days of being in a shipping container. They do fine with 3-4 days, but the longer they are in that container the poorer their condition gets. If the...
Forum: Fertilizers and Water Parameters 11-03-2014, 04:02 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 151
Posted By Hoppy
A 0.6 drop in pH when CO2 is added means you have...

A 0.6 drop in pH when CO2 is added means you have 4 times the ppm of CO2 you started out with. (10 to the .6 power) If you had about 3 ppm of CO2 from the atmosphere you ended up with 12 ppm. For...
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