Planted Tank Guru
Tonina sp. 'Belem' is a difficult plant to grow for the beginner. it prefers an acidic substrate such as Flora Base, Aqua soil, it will also do well in Eco Complete as long as the addition of peat is introduced underneath the main substrate, and a deep substrate of at least 3" recommended and soft water is a must, (Low KH/4 or less & GH/5 or less)
Lighting needs to be within the 2.5~3wpg range.
CO2 injection is a necessity, 24/7 managed and regulated for best results, a mist of C02 is recommended.
Fertilization should be diligent, NPK, TE and Fe.
The bio-filtration also plays an important role in the overall success of growing this plant and plants of this specie. filter needs to be large enough to produce good flow and house adequate media.
Propagation is easy for a healthy plant, it will produced new plants around the crown and up along the stem,.
A very stunning plant when grown to its glory in the aquarium.
It is a member of the Eriocaulonaceae/Eriocaulon specie.