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post #14 of (permalink) Old 09-08-2007, 05:29 AM
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I'm more into Goldfish and am not 100% positive these treatments will work with any other type of fish but figured it wouldn't hurt to list them here. This is a list I have found throughout the Internet, mostly in detailed books on Goldfish keeping with suggestions recommended by a veterinarian. Also note that many of the medications listed below that you must have a vet give you a prescription to obtain the drug. Some of the medications may also kill plants, inverts, and the biological filtration. It is best to do your own due diligence before using any of the below recommended treatments.

Bath Treatments

Uses: Commonly used for treating ciliated protozoans of several types, fungus infections, lymphocytes, Oodimium, and Hexamita.

Uses: Chloramine T is primarily used to control bacterial gill disease and flukes.

Uses: Copper can be used as an antibacterial agent in the treatment of bacterial gill disease, as well as an antiparasitic compound effective against but not limited to Chilodonella, Trichodina, flukes and Oodinium.

Uses: Dimilin proves equally effective against our crustacean foes Lernea, Argulus, and Ergasilus. Dimilin is a chitin synthesis inhibitor, which acts as a gyrase of the DNA that produces chitin. Without chitin, a parasite has no "skin" and it perishes. Dimilin is not effective against flukes.

Uses: In fish medicine, we use Droncit to clear flukes and worms from our fish.

Uses: Flagyl is the treatment of choice for the parasite Hexamita and Spironucleus.

Uses: Fluke Tabs are a top choice for treating flukes.

Uses: Formalin is used to treat fungi, some bacterial infections, most of the ciliated protozoans (ich is an exception), and flukes. Formalin is not successful in treating Argulus and Lernea and many, frequent doses are required to kill off the elusive ich organism with formalin.
NOTE: Formalin can also be used to disinfect plants, in a bath of 4 milliliters per gallon for over four hours. Some plants, however, are adversely affected by formalin and the best plant disinfectant is potassium permanganate.

Uses: Use furazone green to treat any disease that responds to antibiotics, primarily bacterial infections. It is second only to injection in effectiveness.

H202 (Hydrogen Peroxide)
Uses: H202 has been approved by the FDA to use as an anti-fungal treatment for food grade fish and eggs. CAUTION: Do quite a bit of research BEFORE you try this treatment as it can kill EVERYTHING in your tank.

Uses: Malachite green is principally used to eliminate ciliated parasites such as Trichodina, Costia, and so forth. It can also be used as a topical treatment for fungal infections.

Uses: Methylene blue is a basic thiazine dye used as a biological stain, an antidote to cyanide poisoning, and an oxidation-reduction indicator. It is widely used as an antifungal remedy in fishkeeping.

Uses: Pond HealthGuard is used to treat flukes.

Uses: Potassium permanganate is effective in treating flukes, fungus infections, bacterial gill disease, bacterial infections of the body and fins, and ciliated protozoan infestations except ich. Potassium permanganate will have no effect on chustacean parasites, although it may decrease the survival of the immature forms of these pathogens. Ich will remain under the skin, safe from the potassium permanganate, and will not be cleared.

Uses: Program is equally effective against Argulus, Lernea, and Ergasilus.

Uses: Salt is used to eliminate ciliated protozoan parasites, curb the absorption of nitrite, and reduce the osmotic pressure exerted by fresh-water on any hole in the skin or gill.

Uses: Tramisole is a safe and effective deworming medication.


Uses: Malachite green is occasionally used as a past or liquid topical treatment in the management of minor fungal infections. Make certain that you are treating fungus, since it is ineffective against bacterial ulcerations.

Uses: Mercurochrome is a good topical treatment for fish wounds because it does not stain very intensely and it stays on for a while after application.

Uses: Panolog is used to treat wounds on fish with good results. Panolog will not work alone on most ulcers; to be successful, the fish must also have perfect water quality and minimal crowding. Use Panolog on any skin lesion, superficial or deep, That is infected or slow to heal.

Uses: MelaFix contains the natural botanical extract from the Tea Tree (Melaleuca, an excellent alternative to resistant strains of bacteria that are unaffected by traditional medications. Treats bacterial infections such as red ulcers, fin and tail rot, cloudy eyes, mouth fungus, and others in as little as 4 days. Also heals open wounds, ulcers, and damaged fins. Doesn't affect pH; safe for invertebrates.

Uses: PimaFix treats cotton-like fungal infections, and both internal and external bacterial infections. PimaFix harnesses the unique antifungal and antibacterial properties of the West Indian Bay Tree (Pimenta racemosa) for a safe and natural remedy; prevents the development of resistant strains of disease-causing organisms. Will not discolor water, affect biological filter, or pH during treatment. Will not harm aquatic plants. For extreme cases, PimaFix can safely be used with MelaFix to provide the added benefit of quick tissue regeneration and wound healing.

Uses: Potassium permanganate is a superb topical disinfectant for wounds. If a wound is deep, meat red, and bleeding, then you should favorably consider scrubbing once with potassium permanganate. This is especially true if the wound appears slimy or has strands of dead tissue trailing from it.

Uses: Iodine is an excellent topical disinfectant for wounds.

Uses: Place directly on an open wound to fight infection.


Uses: Use mikacin for any kind of infection of body, mouth, fin, or other bacterial outbreak that responds to the drug. I do not use Amikacin to treat very small fish. I consider it the drug of choice in freshly imported fish that are under direct and heavy attack by bacterial infections.

Uses: Use Azactam for any infection that shows sensitivity to it. Azactam is a good choice for very valuable Goldfish with body sores and symptoms of systemic infection. It is the drug of choice for bacterial pop eye and dropsy. Azactam can be used in small fish.

Uses: Use Baytril for gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and the control of any other infection that responds to it. It is an excellent choice when importing fish and in the treatment of body sores and fin rot.
NOTE: One of the most effective uses of aytril is in the post-shipment stress of larger fish.

Uses: Use chloramphenicol in any case of bacterial infection in Goldfish.
NOTE: Chlormphenicol is the drug of choice for smaller Goldfish because it is relatively safe. It can also be used to treat routine infections and traumas. It has no negative side effects with extended use.

Uses: Dexamethasone has been used successfully in the management of fish that are near death after jumping from their aquarium, in fish that have been recovered from pH crashes, and fish that have been severely cold stressed. Do not use dexamethosone for any fish that can swim and right itself.
NOTE: Dexamethasone is not useful in treating fish succumbing to chronic or end-stage disorders. For example a fish that has been suffering with bacterial infection for a week and is finally dying will not be salvaged by an injection of dexamethasone. Dexamethasone will not offset the effects of caustic or toxic stress.

Uses: Gentamycin is in the same class as Amikacin. Do NOT use it to treat Goldfish!

Uses: Penicillin G is useful in bacterial kidney disease
Uses: Penicillin (K) is useful in bacterial infection

Uses: Tribrissen is a Broad spectrum antibiotic effective against Yersinia ruckeri, Escherichia, Streptococcus, Proteus, Salmonella, Pasteurella, and Shigella.

Uses: Ascorbic acid injection is an excellent adjunct to the treatment of any bacterial infection in Goldfish. In testing done by Dr. Lovell at Auburn University, it was discovered that supplementation of abscorbic acid to fish stimulated the immune system. Many fish-food manufacturers are adding larger amounts of vitamin C, and especially it's stabilized forms, to foods.


Uses: The common pea is a wonderful laxative for Goldfish. The meat of a shucked pea will help push gulped air and other intestinal debris out the anus sometimes correcting flip-over disease.

Uses: Gel-Tek makes many oral Anti-Bacterial medications.

Uses: Designed to help control internal bacterial infections as well as external infection, open sores, ulcers, columnaris, and fin rot.

Uses: Contains metronidazole and praziquantel for internal parasites including flagellates, trematodes, cestodes, hexamita, intestinal worms, and nematodes.

Uses: MediGold, combines the two antibiotics in Romet-B with oxolinic acid and Kannamycin and is well accepted by Goldfish.

Uses: Romet-B has sulfadimethoxine and ormetroprim sulfa milled into it during manufacture. The sulfa antibiotics are often effective against some of the more common bacteria affecting Goldfish, but unfortunately the strains of Aermonas salmonicida that are often encountered in bacterial ulcer disease in Goldfish have acquired considerable resistance to sulfa antibiotics.


Uses: Mix NutriCal with whatever medicine you are trying to dose.


Uses: Death by carbon dioxide in the water. (I do not agree with this method! Imagine your head being placed in a plastic bag until you suffocate.)

Uses: Death by carbon dioxide in the water. (I do not agree with this method! Imagine your head being placed in a plastic bag until you suffocate.)

Uses: Mix 1/2 teaspoon of Finquel and 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda per 1 gallon of dechlorinated water in the container and then add the fish. If the fish is still moving around after 10 minutes you can add another 1/2 teaspoon of Finquel and and 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda predissolved in some water from the container. Once the fish turns on its side, watch the opercular movements (respiration/gill movements). The fish should be removed from the solution after at least ten minutes have passed since the last observed opercular movements (respiration/gill movements).

Uses: To freeze the fish. (I do not recommend this method because it is very painful to the fish as ice crystals are formed in the body tissue and bloodstream)

Uses: Use a clean plastic bin with aquarium water and place exactly 2 gallons of water in it. Place 4 tsp. of Oil of Cloves in a clean jar with a small quantity of water. Place the cap on the jar and shake it thoroughly mixing the water with the Oil of Cloves. The water will look milky. Place the fish in the 2 gallon plastic bin. Place the jar in the plastic bin with the lid under the waterline and open the jar and allow the Oil Of Cloves mixture to mix with the tub water.

Uses: To help aid in the mixture of the Oil of Cloves. (I do not agree with this method as the fishes gills MAY be burned by the vodka causing a violent death)


Uses: Dissolve 1/4 teaspoon of Finquel and 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda per gallon of water used in your sedation bucket. Use water from the tank if possible and match tank temperature. Place the fish in the solution. When the fish turns over on its side and gill movements slow, remove it from the solution and perform the procedure.

Uses: Use a clean plastic bin with aquarium water and place exactly 2 gallons of water in it. Place 10 drops of Oil of Cloves in a clean jar with a small quantity of water. Place the cap on the jar and shake it thoroughly mixing the water with the Oil of Cloves. The water will look milky. Place the fish in the 2 gallon plastic bin. Place the jar in the plastic bin with the lid under the waterline and open the jar and allow the Oil Of Cloves mixture to mix with the tub water.

Hope this helps,

Last edited by jlroar; 01-06-2008 at 02:45 AM.
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