something fun I found on another forum... thanks NIKO.
The Ammonia in the Amazonia is there for a purpose. Most people that try to fight it as if it's something bad have bought a product that they do not how to use. Basically fighting what the Amazonia is supposed to do. Pushing the gas and the brake at the same time, ahah. Please understand that and do not think the Ammonia is something that Amazonia releases just because or because the Japanese are making a flaky product. But you do need frequent water changes in the beginning, here's why:
The purpose of the Ammonia is to provide the easiest to absorb food for the plants' ROOTS. But you do NOT want the Ammonia in the water (and no P, N, K, Fe/Traces either). That's the reason for the water changes. Amazonia is designed to help you from day 1 by providing everything the plants' roots need. It holds the food down there too. But some of it leeches into the water anyway so you have to change water more often in the beginning. Please understand that in the ADA planted tank system the water is meant to be kept clean. The liquid fertilizers (N, K, Fe/Traces, and P from fish waste) are added to the water but they are meant to be sucked up by the Amazonia and used through the roots. All Japanese tanks test at zero for all fertilizers. That way algae has nothing to eat, ever. That is VERY different from what most US folk normally do - dump fertilizers in the water, use useless substrates, andmaintain ungodly concentrations of ferts in the water and wonder why eventually issues arise. The way we keep things looking good is through a lot of work on the tank instead of setting up things properly and letting the tank do its thing. Both the EI and PPS so called "methods" work like that.
It's a rocket science, haha. What you just read is information that you cannot find so clearly written anywhere in English. That's why in the US we have at least 2 big planted tank forums with active "Algae" sub-forums.
Best thing to do for your new tank - get the dirty water from squeezing the filter sponges in a container. Dump this dark, dirty water in the tank. It will make it completely "muddy" for 1-2 days. in a few hours the mulm will settle over everything and you will think that was the worst thing you ever did to your tank. But if you wait 1 to 2 days then literally overnight the tank will be both pristinely clean and completely cycled. It helps to aearate the tank during these 1-2 days too. The idea is that you are dumping a lot of different organisms in the new tank. They normally develop by themselves over time but that way you are introducing them right away and it works beautifully.